5 Parts Of The Indian Head Buffalo Nickel That Make It So Distinctive

The Indian Head nickel is a uncommon and delightful coin. Whereas most nickels are copper and measure 21mm in diameter, the Indian Head nickel is manufactured from nickel silver alloy and measures 22mm in diameter.

Indian head nickels have been first struck in 1913 by the New York Mint. They function a profile of an American Indian girl on one facet and the picture of a Native American man on the opposite. 

As a result of they’re distinctive, some key parts make them stand out from different nickels. 

Let’s take a more in-depth take a look at these parts and see why collectors love this area of interest coin.

This Coin was First Issued in 1913 and Produced Till 1938

The Indian Head Buffalo Nickel was first issued in 1913 and produced till 1938. It was then produced from 1939 to 1945 and from 2006 to 2008.

The Obverse Options an Picture of a Native American

The obverse of the coin options an illustration of a Native American. The design relies on the profile of a Native American named Two Moons, along with his hair worn lengthy in conventional fashion and feathers adorning his headdress. 

The phrase “LIBERTY” is inscribed alongside the highest rim. On the identical time, “1913” is written throughout the underside rim to symbolize the yr these cash have been first minted by The USA Mint in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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The Reverse Options an Picture of an American Bison

The reverse facet depicts an American Bison standing on its hind legs because it faces ahead with its head turned barely to 1 facet (referred to as “canting”). Inscriptions embrace: “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA” together with “E PLURIBUS UNUM,” which implies “Out Of Many One,” referring again to our nation’s origin being 13 British colonies coming collectively below one banner.”

The cash have been launched into circulation beginning in 1913 and continued till 1938, after they have been taken out as a result of steel shortages attributable to World Warfare II.

The Coin Made a Transition From Reduction to Incuse Design

The Indian Head Buffalo nickel is among the few cash that has transitioned from aid to incuse design. This was executed to economize on manufacturing prices. The explanation for this alteration was that it allowed the mints to make use of much less steel in every coin and nonetheless obtain the identical impact as earlier than.

Designer James E. Fraser Needed to Make A number of Modifications

As it’s possible you’ll know, the buffalo nickel was designed by James E. Fraser. Fraser was an American sculptor who additionally designed a number of monuments.

Fraser needed to change the coin’s design to fulfill an organization that made anti-slug units. Even after making a number of adjustments upon the request of the corporate, the was no settlement between the 2 events, resulting in a chronic delay within the manufacturing of the coin.

In Conclusion

There are various issues to like concerning the Indian head buffalo nickel, however maybe essentially the most particular factor about them is that they’re one among a sort. 

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Whereas a couple of variants and proofs of this coin exist, there’s nothing fairly just like the Indian Head nickel. These superbly crafted cash’ obverse and reverse designs have baffled collectors for many years. 


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